?Obesity in Dogs and Cats
Obesity in dogs and cats is a complicated pathogenetic process. The disease is triggered by a hormonal stimulus and leads to either anorexigenic or orexigenic behaviors. Obesity is one of the most common diseases in canine and feline medicine. The clinical management of obesity involves several factors. Here are some things to keep in mind when dealing with obesity in your pet. A diet rich in raw meat and vegetables is the best choice.
Predispositions to obesity
Some dogs and cats have a genetic predisposition to obesity. These pets have reduced activity levels and higher food intake, so they are more likely to gain weight. Breeds with genetic predispositions to obesity may be more likely to be overweight. Several breeds of dogs are predisposed to obesity, such as Beagles and Retrievers. Diet is also a factor, but genetics are not a sole cause.
Overweight status is highly prevalent among middle-aged dogs. Dogs six to nine years old had two-and-a-half-times the risk of being overweight than dogs between three and five years of age. This finding is consistent with previous studies. In 2005, McGreevy et al. found that the highest risk of obesity was in middle-aged dogs, but that prevalence was lower during the growth phase and in older dogs. Previous studies suggested that obese dogs may be the result of chronic diseases.
Excess body weight can cause several reproductive disorders, including ovulation dysfunction, fetal growth defects, and abortion. Obese animals are more likely to develop dystocia, a condition wherein the uterus becomes displaced in the pelvic cavity and causes difficult micturition. Furthermore, obesity can lead to metabolic diseases and joint problems, including osteoarthritis and gout.
Recent studies have found that the prevalence of obesity in pets is similar to that of human obesity. While human obesity is a fairly robust study, research on pet obesity has been limited to case reports and cross-sectional studies. Greater understanding of the causes of obesity in humans may help understand the recent increase in pet obesity. As with humans, the causes of pet obesity may be influenced by the environment as much as genetics.
There are several causes of obesity in dogs and cats, including genetics, environmental factors, and lack of exercise. Breeds with genetic predispositions are more likely to develop obesity. For example, Pugs are more likely to be overweight, while Shih-Tzus have a lower risk of being overweight. Individual breeds should be targeted for control programmes. In dogs, the genetic predisposition to obesity is a brachycephalic trait.
Stress is also a factor in pet obesity. When pets are stressed or in a high-stress environment, they self-medicate through food. This can result in a variety of health problems, including obesity. For instance, chronic stress has been associated with increased snacking. Further studies on this subject are needed to better understand how stress influences pet neurohormone levels. So, it's imperative to understand the root causes of obesity in dogs and cats.
A new study, published in the journal Veterinary Record, examined the prevalence of overweight dogs in primary care in the UK. Using anonymised veterinary clinical data, the study aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight dogs within one year. It also aimed to identify potential risk factors for overweight dogs in the UK population. The findings will help veterinarians determine a targeted selection program for future puppies. These studies will inform future research into the causes of obesity in dogs and cats.
Types of obesity
Obesity in cats and dogs is a growing problem in both populations. Dietary changes and supplementation are important to help manage the condition and improve quality of life. General practitioners are on the front lines of the fight against obesity in pets and should understand the psychosocial and physioenvironmental influences. Listed below are a few common types of obesity in dogs and cats. Read on to learn more about these common types and how you can help your pet.
Several diseases and disorders can cause your pet to become overweight. Certain hormone imbalances may cause weight gain in your pet. For example, hypothyroidism in cats and acromegaly in dogs are causes of excess weight gain. Cats with these conditions tend to have increased appetites, which can lead to obesity. Overweight dogs and cats can also develop potbelly, which is a condition known as Cushing's syndrome. Cushing's syndrome is rarely responsible for weight gain in pets, but it is an underlying condition.
Obesity in pets can lead to many serious secondary diseases and health problems. It may decrease life span and affect quality of life. Obesity in cats and dogs is strongly linked with diabetes mellitus. A pet suffering from obesity may also have breathing problems and difficulty grooming itself. In addition to these problems, your pet will not be able to exercise properly or be as active as it once was.
Despite the best efforts, weight loss plans can be difficult for both the dog and the owner. In a recent study, 32% of adult dogs were classified as overweight. However, the researchers did not pinpoint the single cause for this high failure rate. Some common reasons included poor compliance with weight loss plans, lack of ongoing support and other health issues. They also noted that overweight dogs were more likely to gain weight again after losing it.
While humans have many concerns, obesity in pets is a growing epidemic. More than two-thirds of adult people in the United States are overweight or obese. Dogs and cats have similar prevalence rates. In Australia, a recent study found that 33.5% of dogs and 7.6% of cats were overweight or obese. The incidence rates in cats are similar, but most investigators agree that the numbers are increasing. For dogs, obesity can lead to a variety of problems, ranging from respiratory disease to skin disease.
A high-quality fresh food diet is essential for reducing the risk of obesity in both animals. A balanced diet contains adequate protein, moisture, and fiber to help manage weight. In cats and dogs, it is best to choose a high-quality fresh food diet that is formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of the animals. Fresh food diets are usually made with lean meat, healthy fats, and fibrous vegetables. In the case of a dog, you can also make your own fresh food diet using a nutritionally-balanced recipe. Many companies have developed species-specific low-carb formulas.
Dietary changes to prevent obesity
Among other things, dietary changes to prevent obesity in dogs and cats may prevent certain health conditions in these animals. Dogs with hypothyroidism are at greater risk for obesity, while cats with the same disorder are much less likely to become obese. Obesity in dogs is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers, including leukemia, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. Fortunately, these diseases are rare in dogs and cats.
One of the most common factors that can lead to obesity in dogs and cats is neutering. While many studies have shown that neutering decreases FM, energy expenditure on a lean mass basis is comparable in neutered animals and entire animals. However, alterations in feeding behavior and decreased activity contribute to the increased risk of obesity. Some studies have also found that gender may be a predisposing factor.
The problem with pet obesity is a growing global problem. Current estimates suggest that almost two-thirds of adults in the U.S. are overweight or obese. Overweight dogs and cats have higher incidence of diabetes mellitus, hepatic disease, orthopedic disease, and skin diseases. Obese dogs also need more medication than their leaner counterparts. Studies have also shown that leaner dogs live longer than their overweight counterparts.
While a high protein diet may be beneficial, it is not always appropriate for every patient. Cats, for example, are often intolerant to fiber. For these patients, low-fiber therapeutic weight loss diets may be appropriate. However, the owner may be reluctant to accept an obese animal as a legitimate medical condition. A veterinarian should provide evidence-based recommendations. To learn more, download the Developing Protocols for Obese Animals. You can also find nutritional handouts at Clinical Resources.
If you are unable to exercise or take your pets for a walk, consider giving them a smaller portion of food. If you cannot cut out treats entirely, consider giving them some of their regular diet as treats instead. By making small changes, you'll see a significant difference in their weight. But do not give up on their diet completely! If you don't want to deprive them of food, consider giving them more playtime instead of treats.
Although obese pets are often more resistant to weight loss, the benefits of losing weight in these pets are substantial. It may be difficult to achieve the ideal weight, but the benefits can far outweigh any setbacks. While the process of losing weight may be difficult, it is important to remember that the more weight you have to lose, the more likely you are to be unsuccessful. The veterinarian's role in a weight-loss programme is crucial to the success of your patient.
While the percentage of obese pets is increasing steadily, more pets are suffering from overweight and obesity. In the U.S. alone, nearly 60 percent of cats and 55 percent of dogs are overweight or obese. These pets are also more prone to respiratory problems, diabetes, and even liver failure. The effects of obesity are far more devastating to pets than humans. Aside from debilitating conditions, obese pets may also suffer from chronic inflammation, which contributes to various forms of cancer in both dogs and cats.